|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|379626||659489||2016||13 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• First industry-wide field experiment on data sharing practices at the most popular 881 US online merchants.
• More than half of all merchants unnecessarily share purchase details with PayPal.
• Data leakage to PayPal includes details of medication or sex toys.
• Consumers cannot opt-out or self-protect against this data proliferation.
We present a new form of online tracking: explicit, yet unnecessary leakage of personal information and detailed shopping habits from online merchants to payment providers. In contrast to the widely debated tracking of Web browsing, online shops make it impossible for their customers to avoid this dissemination of their data. We record and analyse leakage patterns for the 881 most popular US Web shops sampled from actual Web users’ online purchase sessions. More than half of the sites we analysed shared product names and details with PayPal, allowing the payment provider to build up fine-grained and comprehensive consumption profiles about its clients across the sites they buy from, subscribe to, or donate to. In addition, PayPal forwards customers’ shopping details to Omniture, a third-party data aggregator with even larger tracking reach than PayPal itself. Leakage to PayPal is commonplace across product categories and includes details of medication or sex toys. We provide recommendations for merchants.
Journal: Electronic Commerce Research and Applications - Volume 15, January–February 2016, Pages 52–64