کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
40452 45854 2013 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Preparation of nitrogen-containing carbon nanotubes and study of their performance as basic catalysts
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی کاتالیزور
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Preparation of nitrogen-containing carbon nanotubes and study of their performance as basic catalysts
چکیده انگلیسی


• Nitrogen-doped CNTs prepared using acetonitrile as precursor.
• Different metals (Fe, Co, Ni) as catalysts for preparing different N-CNTs.
• Tested as catalysts for acetone aldolization and acetic acid ketonic condensation.
• Activity for both reactions depends on pyridinic sites concentration.
• Catalysts are more stable for aldol condensation.

Nitrogen-containing carbon nanotubes were prepared, characterized and used as catalysts for two reactions of interest in the biomass upgrading processes: acetone aldol and acetic acid decarboxylative condensations. N-CNT were synthesized in a fluidized bed reactor by catalytic chemical vapor decomposition of acetonitrile on iron-, cobalt- and nickel-supported catalysts. Ni-N-CNT catalyst exhibits the highest activity, attributed to the surface concentration of basic sites, particularly the pyridinic species detected by X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS). Likewise, the selectivity toward the final products of the reaction pathway is related both to the strength of basic sites (Ni-N-CNT) and to the morphology and chemical environment of the active sites (Fe-N-CNT). Synthesized catalysts show high stability for acetone condensation, whereas for ketonic condensation the catalyst stability decreases, mainly due to acic–base interactions with the active sites.

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ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 458, 10 May 2013, Pages 155–161
نویسندگان
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