|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4419312||1618942||2015||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• SPEEK and bentonite were used as hydrophilic modifiers.
• Modified membranes exhibited better effluent flux and rejection efficiencies.
• Hydrodynamic parameters showed a significant role on permeate flux and rejection.
• Turbidity reduction up to 88% was achieved using modified membranes.
In this study, modified polyethersulfone (PES) and cellulose acetate (CA) membranes were used in the treatment of car wash effluent using ultrafiltration. Hydrophilic sulfonated poly ether ether ketone (SPEEK) and bentonite as nanoclay were used as additives for the PES and CA membrane modification. Performances of modified membranes were compared with commercial PES membrane with 10 kDa molecular weight cut off (MWCO). The influencing parameters like stirrer speed (250–750 rpm) and transmembrane pressure (100–600 kPa) (TMP) were varied and their effects were studied as a function of flux. In the treatment of car wash effluent, a higher permeate flux of 52.3 L/m2 h was obtained for modified CA membrane at TMP of 400 kPa and stirrer speed of 750 rpm. In comparison with modified PES membrane and commercial PES membrane, modified CA membranes showed better performance in terms of flux and flux recovery ratio. The highest COD removal (60%) was obtained for modified CA membrane and a lowest COD removal (47%) was observed for commercial PES membrane. The modified membranes were better at removing COD, turbidity and maintained more stable flux than commercial PES membrane, suggesting they will provide better economic performance in car wash effluent reclamation.
Journal: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety - Volume 121, November 2015, Pages 186–192