کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
4677787 1634816 2011 6 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Gas invasion into water-saturated, unconsolidated porous media: Implications for gas hydrate reservoirs
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه علوم زمین و سیارات علوم زمین و سیاره ای (عمومی)
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Gas invasion into water-saturated, unconsolidated porous media: Implications for gas hydrate reservoirs
چکیده انگلیسی

Gas transport through unconsolidated porous media has been a recent focus in studies of hydrate reservoir dynamics and is important in numerous other geophysical contexts. We conduct experiments to examine the controls on gas invasion through sieved sands that are suspended within the water column as air is injected slowly from below. We monitor the thickness of the free-gas column that accumulates beneath the sand to gauge the difference between the gas and liquid pressure, or overpressure, just prior to gas invading and passing through the sand layer. Comparing the threshold overpressures for initial gas invasion using different particle sizes, our experiments demonstrate the control of capillary forces when the effective stress supported by particle contacts is sufficiently large. At lower effective stresses (smaller sediment overburdens) we observe gas invasion before the capillary-controlled threshold overpressure is reached. These results demonstrate a transition from capillary invasion at high effective stresses to fracture-dominated invasion at low effective stresses. Moreover, video documentation reveals evidence for transitions from capillary to fracture-dominated behavior within single invasion episodes as the rising gas nears the sediment surface. After the initial invasion episode in each experiment, we infer that observed reductions in the overpressure needed for subsequent invasions are caused by bubble break-up and retention within the sediment column. These experiments highlight the importance of effective stress and pore size in determining the mode of gas passage through unconsolidated sediments. We discuss the implications of our findings for the dynamics of gas hydrate reservoirs and other geophysical systems.


► We conduct experiments to examine how gas infiltrates water-saturated sediments.
► We find two behavioral regimes: 1. capillary controlled; 2. fracture dominated.
► Regime 1 (high effective stress): surface tension is overcome when gas infiltrates.
► Regime 2 (low effective stress): gas propagates a fracture during infiltration.
► Episodic behavior dominates, as is likely in marine sediments hosting hydrates.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Earth and Planetary Science Letters - Volume 312, Issues 1–2, 1 December 2011, Pages 188–193
نویسندگان
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