|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4679109||1634873||2009||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
Essential resources of many rare metals including copper, zinc, molybdenum, silver and gold occur in natural sulfide mineral deposits. Understanding the origin of these metal resources has been limited by a lack of data about the geochemistry of sulfur, the most important and abundant element of ore deposits. We report the first directly measured sulfur concentrations in high-temperature fluids, together with their ore-metal contents, using a new method for sulfur quantification in fluid inclusions by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS).Co-genetic brine and vapor inclusions from magmatic–hydrothermal ore deposits and granitic intrusions show an excess of sulfur over ore metals, as required for efficient ore-mineral precipitation. The results demonstrate that S, Cu and Au are highly enriched in vapor-like magmatic fluids, implying that such low-salinity fluids are the key agent for the formation of porphyry copper and epithermal gold deposits.
Journal: Earth and Planetary Science Letters - Volume 282, Issues 1–4, 30 May 2009, Pages 323–328