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• The dominance of the dipole field and the significant influence of the PSV effect in Taiwan area for the last 7500 years.
• Declination could be corrected by considering the dipole field with secular variation.
• The variation pattern of the Holocene geomagnetic field in Taiwan area is reconstructed.
To study the Holocene paleomagnetic field in Taiwan area, we performed a series of magnetic experiments to a marine sediment core OR1-715-21 obtained from the offshore of eastern Taiwan during the OR1-715 cruise. Analyzed magnetic properties show that the remanent magnetization carriers of the core are uniformly dominated by single-domain and pseudo-single-domain magnetite, revealing a suitable material for relative paleointensity (RPI) estimation. The stable and well defined characteristic remanent magnetization (ChRM) provides the reliable determination of the inclination and declination. Dipole moments were further calculated by using the RPI and inclination data. The variation of the dipole moments compares well to the CALS10k.1b model (a continuous model of archaeomagnetic and lake sediment data for the past 10000 years), implying the dominance of the dipole field in Taiwan area. Though the real declination is unavailable because of lacking core orientation during coring, we could correct the values based on some critical conditions. If the paleosecular variation (PSV) is considered, the virtual geomagnetic pole (VGP) is generally suggested to vary between 80°N and 90°N instead of coinciding with the geography North Pole. To fit the condition considering the PSV effect, the ChRM declination had to be rotated 180° to get the corrected declination. As a result, variation patterns of the paleo-inclination, -declination, and paleointensity could be suitably determined in the study. Outcomes of these analyses reveal that the paleomagnetic field in Taiwan region should be dominantly driven from the dipole field under the PSV effect for the last 7500 years.
Journal: Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors - Volume 234, September 2014, Pages 14–22