|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|476881||1446082||2012||14 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
Nowadays, especially in developed countries, the traditional collection of end-of-use products by scavengers has been displaced by formal waste recovery systems. However, scavenging still exists, especially in places with collection capacity shortages and/or low living standards. Besides its obvious social implications, the financial and environmental aspects of scavenging are certainly not trivial. Informal recycling of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) by scavengers not only constrains profits of the formal system. In their effort to recover the value of end-of-use products, scavengers also pollute the environment if toxic substances leak when WEEE is not properly disposed of. We investigate the impact of scavenging on the operations of the formal recovery system of WEEE, under three regulatory measures, using system dynamics methodology. By using data from a real world closed-loop supply chain that operates in Greece extended numerical experimentation revealed that a legislation incorporating scavengers into the formal waste recovery system (instead of either ignoring or prohibiting their participation) is beneficial for economical, environmental and social sustainability.
► We model the impact of scavenging on the operations of a formal recovery system.
► The formal system collects and recovers waste electrical and electronic equipment.
► We investigate the impact of 3 different regulatory measures on sustainability.
► We incorporate the economical, environmental and social aspects of sustainability.
► Incorporating scavengers into the formal system is beneficial for sustainability.
Journal: European Journal of Operational Research - Volume 218, Issue 2, 16 April 2012, Pages 563–576