کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
4913767 1428773 2017 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Dune sand and pumice impact on mechanical and thermal lightweight concrete properties
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
شن و ماسه و پمس بر خواص بتن سبک و مکانیکی و حرارتی تأثیر می گذارد
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه سایر رشته های مهندسی مهندسی عمران و سازه
چکیده انگلیسی
This paper consists of substituting an appropriate fraction of natural aggregates with lightweight ones composite concrete development such as pumice which is found in volcanic sediments, the advantage of using lightweight concrete is to reduce the dead-weight; its light weight gives a better thermal insulating power in comparison to traditional materials, given the volume of air they contain. This work comes also within an economic framework, given the abundance of sand dunes, particularly in the Sahara to possibly replace the coastal sand dunes. High cement proportion is required to obtain high resistance levels, hence lightweight concrete performance can be dramatically improved through a consistent dosing of fines. Workability is improved by increasing Water/Cement ratio; it also relies on fine nature and dosing when W/C ratio is fixed. On that point, the substitution of dune sand in lightweight concrete could obviously be of great benefit. This advantage allows us to exploit natural resources and gives us the ability to produce at lower costs and provide concrete with rheology and long term strength. The simplest approach consists of measuring each parameter impact: collapse, mechanical resistance and heat transfer properties, through 16 × 32 cm cylindrical probes. Pumice has a major influence on fresh lightweight concrete; it should stay damp before use to avoid quick slump loss. Mixture's workability was affected by a substantial sand content. The dune sand substitution with the quarry sand increased the resistance by the filling of the voids within the aggregates, thus compressive strength of concrete type has spectacularly increased. The testing behaviour and simulations performed on cylindrical probes of 16 × 32 cm have shown that dehydration of the heated concrete causes a decrease of Young's modulus (softening) and mechanic resistance drop (decohesion) in compression causing degradation of the paste aggregate interface, and may cause cement matrix micro-cracks.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Construction and Building Materials - Volume 133, 15 February 2017, Pages 209-218
نویسندگان
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