کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5073766 1477128 2015 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
State power and environmental initiatives in China: Analyzing China's green building program through an ecological modernization perspective
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موضوعات مرتبط
علوم انسانی و اجتماعی اقتصاد، اقتصادسنجی و امور مالی اقتصاد و اقتصادسنجی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
State power and environmental initiatives in China: Analyzing China's green building program through an ecological modernization perspective
چکیده انگلیسی


- China's ambitious green building program relies largely on the top down bureaucracy.
- Green buildings mostly concentrate in wealthy cities and are often luxuriously built.
- Local states are less enthusiastic due to priorities on land and industrial development.
- The program suffers from weak participation of developers, public and professionals.
- Chinese ecological modernization requires coalition building for institution design.

This paper applies the ecological modernization (EM) framework to analyze China's green building program. EM focuses on the effective institutionalization of environmental objectives into respective political and economic systems, and thus provides valuable insights into the roles of the state and other stake holders in environmental regulation. Since the mid-2000s, the Chinese government has advanced an aggressive green building campaign, which is distinguished by its speed, scale, and evolution from one of voluntary participation to a top-down implementation through administrative hierarchies. While this has resulted in a remarkable growth of green building projects, questions remain about the effectiveness and sustainability of such a state-centered approach. Though interviews with officials, planners, architects, real estate developers, and property managers in several Chinese cities, data analysis of the green building stock, and surveys of architects, this paper analyzes Chinese green building patterns and situates such patterns among the contradictory motivations of different levels of government and their relationships to different stake holders. This research finds that the top-down state apparatus is not sufficient to overcome these contradictions and the profit motives of the property developers. However, many under-developed opportunities exist to leverage property developers, building professionals, and the public to engage in green building practices. In the end, I argue that the state must embrace reform to build flexible and collaborative movements with other parties with strong public participation. China's ecological modernization process may feature a stronger state and faster changes, but it is not exempted from the need of political modernization.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Geoforum - Volume 61, May 2015, Pages 1-12
نویسندگان
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