کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5102788 1480092 2017 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Driving-forces model on individual behavior in scenarios considering moving threat agents
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
مدل نیروی رانندگی بر رفتار فردی در سناریوها با توجه به عوامل موثر تهدید
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کلمات کلیدی
مدل رفتار فردی، مدل نیروی اجتماعی، حرکت عوامل خطر، شبیه سازی مبتنی بر عامل، حمله تروریستی،
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه ریاضیات فیزیک ریاضی
چکیده انگلیسی
The individual behavior model is a contributory factor to improve the accuracy of agent-based simulation in different scenarios. However, few studies have considered moving threat agents, which often occur in terrorist attacks caused by attackers with close-range weapons (e.g., sword, stick). At the same time, many existing behavior models lack validation from cases or experiments. This paper builds a new individual behavior model based on seven behavioral hypotheses. The driving-forces model is an extension of the classical social force model considering scenarios including moving threat agents. An experiment was conducted to validate the key components of the model. Then the model is compared with an advanced Elliptical Specification II social force model, by calculating the fitting errors between the simulated and experimental trajectories, and being applied to simulate a specific circumstance. Our results show that the driving-forces model reduced the fitting error by an average of 33.9% and the standard deviation by an average of 44.5%, which indicates the accuracy and stability of the model in the studied situation. The new driving-forces model could be used to simulate individual behavior when analyzing the risk of specific scenarios using agent-based simulation methods, such as risk analysis of close-range terrorist attacks in public places.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications - Volume 481, 1 September 2017, Pages 127-140
نویسندگان
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