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- In vivo oxidative modifications of an amyloidogenic urinary Ig LC protein.
- Mono-/di-chlorination of tyrosine residues.
- Nitrile formation from lysine residues.
- Possible high bursts of activity in the MPO-H2O2-Cl- oxidizing system.
- MALDI-TOF MS, LC-MS/MS, nESI-FT MS and MS/MS.
- Investigations of oxidation chemistry using peptide models.
Immunoglobulin light chain amyloidosis (AL) is a plasma cell disorder characterized by overproduction and deposition of monoclonal immunoglobulin (Ig) light chains (LC) or variable region fragments as amyloid fibrils in various organs and tissues. Much clinical evidence indicates that patients with AL amyloidosis sustain cardiomyocyte impairment and suffer from oxidative stress. We seek to understand the underlying biochemical pathways whose disruption or amplification during sporadic or sustained disease states leads to harmful physiological consequences and to determine the detailed structures of intermediates and products that serve as signposts for the biochemical changes and represent potential biomarkers. In this study, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry provided extensive evidence for oxidative post-translational modifications (PTMs) of an amyloidogenic Ig LC protein from a patient with AL amyloidosis. Some of the tyrosine residues were heavily mono- or di-chlorinated. In addition, a novel oxidative conversion to a nitrile moiety was observed for many of the terminal aminomethyl groups on lysine side chains. In vitro experiments using model peptides, in-solution oxidation, and click chemistry demonstrated that hypochlorous acid produced by the myeloperoxidase - hydrogen peroxide - chloride system could be responsible for these and other, more commonly observed modifications.
Journal: International Journal of Mass Spectrometry - Volume 416, May 2017, Pages 71-79