|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5740466||1616298||2017||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
- Long-term clogging was assessed in unplanted/planted (4 different species) HSSF CWs.
- The presence of vegetation and plant species did not significantly affect clogging.
- Lower hydraulic conductivity but similar porosity in planted vs unplanted units.
- Solids biodegradation rate was 10-20 folds higher in aerobic vs anaerobic conditions.
- Promoting aerobic conditions prevents solids accumulation and clogging.
This study reports the rate of total solids (TS) accumulation and hydraulic conductivity (HC) in five units of horizontal subsurface flow (HSSF) constructed wetlands (CWs), including unplanted and planted units with four different macrophytes (Juncus effusus, Iris pseudacorus, Thypha latifolia L. and Phragmites australis). Two monitoring campaigns were carried out at 17 (I) and 29 (II) months of operation, at surface loading rates of 2.5 and 4.7Â g BOD5 mâ2 dâ1 respectively. Significant differences between units for TS density and most characteristics of accumulated solids were not found. On the contrary, significant differences existed between near inlet and outlet zones as well as between campaigns I and II. In aerobic conditions, approximately 35% of accumulated solids COD was biodegradable at maximum rates of 4.4-12.0Â g COD mâ2 dâ1. In anaerobic conditions only 4% of accumulated solids COD was biodegradable at maximum rates of 0.2-0.8Â g COD mâ2 dâ1. Thus, promoting aerobic conditions prevents clogging. HC was approximately 16% lower in planted units than in the unplanted unit while a similar drainable porosity drop (13-18%) was registered. The results showed that the presence/absence of vegetation and plant species did not significantly affect clogging in HSSF CWs.
Journal: International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation - Volume 119, April 2017, Pages 396-404