کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5769244 1628773 2017 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Research PaperEffects of apple (Malus × domestica) rootstocks on scion performance and hormone concentration
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موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک دانش باغداری
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Research PaperEffects of apple (Malus × domestica) rootstocks on scion performance and hormone concentration
چکیده انگلیسی


- B.9. B.10, G.41 and G.214 performed similar to M.9T337, but with higher yields.
- G.814 and G.214 were highly productive rootstocks, more vigorous than M.9T337.
- Hormone profile, bud break and biennial bearing were affected by the rootstock.
- Highest levels of ABA and cytokinins were observed when grafted on G.11.
- G.814, G.935 and G.11 had a very uniform bud break.

New apple rootstocks that are fire blight resistant are rapidly becoming available in recent years. Rootstock effect on vigor, yield, return bloom, branch angle, bud break, and hormone profile was assessed using 'Honeycrisp' as the scion cultivar. Three Budagovsky (B.9, B.10 and B.7-20-20), five Geneva (G.814, G.214, G.935, G.41 and G.11) and two Malling (M.9T337 and M.26) rootstocks were used for this trial. G.814 and G.214 were high productive rootstocks, more vigorous than M.9T337 that could be interesting for weak growing cultivars such as 'Honeycrisp'. B.9. B.10, G.41 and G.214 performed pretty similar to M.9T337, but they had slightly higher cumulative yields. High return bloom values were observed on G.935, M.9T337, and G.814, whereas B.72020 was the rootstock with the lowest values. In addition, B.72020 was the stock with more upright branches, while B.10 and G.11 had the flattest. On average, a few rootstocks had a low biennial bearing index, which included B.10 and G.814. Indole-3-acetic acid was the most abundant auxin in the xylem, being B.72020 and B.9 the stocks with higher content, while G.935 had the least. Regarding cytokinins (CK), the highest content was observed on G.11, and the lowest on G.814 and G.214. The highest ABA/CK ratio was observed on B.9, whereas B.72020 had the lowest value. On the other hand, B.72020 had the highest AUX/CK ratio value; and G.11 and G.935 the lowest. Fruit size was associated with high ABA/CK values. Trunk cross sectional area, branch angle, gas exchange variables, and biennial bearing were correlated with auxins and AUX/CK concentrations in xylem. Yield efficiency, crop load, leaf temperature, return bloom and bud break were correlated with ABA, CK, and ABA/CK in xylem. Since G.814, G.935 and G.11 had a very uniform bud break, these rootstocks could be suitable to test in areas where irregular bud break might be a problem. The high levels of endogenous ABA observed in Honeycrisp grafted on B.9 and G.11 suggests the possibility of these rootstocks tolerating drought stress by slowing evapotranspiration of the scion.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Scientia Horticulturae - Volume 225, 18 November 2017, Pages 96-105
نویسندگان
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