|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5916244||1570716||2016||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
- Core 2 Ã1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase-I (Gcnt1) is required for P-selectin ligand (P-lig) synthesis and inflammatory homing of T helper 1 (Th1) cells.
- Gcnt1 expression in Th1 cells is controlled by a distal enhancer.
- Gcnt1 is induced by T cell receptor signaling and STAT4 and T-bet binding to the enhancer.
- Gcnt1 repression corresponds to H3K27me3 marks within the enhancer.
P-selectin ligands (P-ligs) support the recruitment of lymphocytes into inflamed tissues. Binding to P-selectin is mediated by oligosaccharide groups synthesized by means of several glycosyltransferases including core 2 Ã1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase-I (C2GlcNAcT-I), encoded by the gene Gcnt1. Using Gcnt1â/â Th1 cells, we show that C2GlcNAcT-I is crucial for inflammatory T cell homing in vivo. To understand the molecular regulation of Gcnt1 in CD4+ T helper cells, we performed ChIP-on-chip experiments across the Gcnt1 locus assessing the chromatin structure in P-lig-expressing versus non-expressing CD4+ T cells. This identified a distal region about 20Â kb upstream of the promoter where the presence of a H3K27me3 mark correlated with Gcnt1 repression. This region possessed IL-12-dependent enhancer activity in reporter assays, in accordance with preferential IL-12-dependent induction of Gcnt1 in vitro. STAT4 and T-bet cooperated in control of the enhancer activity. Deficiency in either one resulted in drastically reduced Gcnt1 mRNA expression in differentiated Th1 cells. While both STAT4 and T-bet were bound to the enhancer early after activation only T-bet binding persisted throughout the expansion phase after TCR signal cessation. This suggests sequential action of STAT4 and T-bet at the enhancer.In summary, we show that Gcnt1 transcription and subsequent P-lig induction in Th1 cells is governed by binding of STAT4 and T-bet to a distal enhancer and further regulated by epigenetic marks such as H3K27me3.
Journal: Molecular Immunology - Volume 77, September 2016, Pages 132-140