|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|603652||1454422||2016||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Babassu mesocarp starch displays antioxidant activity.
• Babassu mesocarp starch contains phenolic compounds.
• Starch was isolated by steeping in alkaline pH and steeping in water.
• Isolation methods affect babassu starch composition and properties.
• The alkaline isolation method causes larger loss of phenolic compounds.
Despite being rich in starch, babassu mesocarp, a by-product of babassu oil extraction, has only been explored as animal food and biomass. This work aimed to isolate starch from babassu mesocarp by either steeping alkaline (AS) or steeping in water (WS) and to characterize these starches. Compared with the WS method, the AS method provided purer starch (99%) in larger yield (85%), however caused larger loss of total phenolic compounds. The AS starch contained agglomerated starch granules with polymodal particle size distribution, higher swelling power and better solubility as compared to WS starch. The lower amylose content and the higher amylopectin content in the AS starch translated into larger crystallinity and thermal stability. The starches isolate from babassu mesorcap were yellowish or reddish as a result of the presence of phenolic compounds. These starches displayed antioxidant activity. Thus, these starches could be applied as food ingredients or in bioactive film.
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Journal: Food Hydrocolloids - Volume 55, April 2016, Pages 47–55