|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|6181703||1253515||2014||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
ObjectiveTo assess procreative outcomes for HIV-positive men and women with seronegative partners.DesignSystematic review and meta-analysis.SettingNot applicable.Patient(s)Twenty-four studies with extractable data for HIV-serodiscordant couples undergoing intrauterine insemination (IUI) or inÂ vitro fertilization (IVF).Intervention(s)None.Main Outcome Measure(s)Primary outcomes: HIV transmission to a seronegative partner and per cycle fecundability; secondary outcomes: analysis of multiple gestation rates, miscarriage rates, and cancellation rates.Result(s)For serodiscordant couples, HIV-positive men or women undergoing IUI and IVF treatment had a 17%, 30%, 14%, and 16% per cycle fecundability, respectively. Multiple gestation rates were 10%, 33%, 14%, and 29%, respectively. Miscarriage rates were 19%, 25%, 13%, and 20%, respectively. No HIV transmission was observed in 8,212 IUI and 1,254 IVF cycles, resulting in 95% confidence that the true rate is 4.5 transmissions per 10,000 IUI cycles or less.Conclusion(s)In serodiscordant couples, IUI and IVF seem effective and safe based on the literature. Evidence-based practice and social justice suggest that our field should increase access to care for HIV-serodiscordant couples.
Journal: Fertility and Sterility - Volume 102, Issue 2, August 2014, Pages 424-434