کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
620838 882516 2011 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
The removal of cationic dyes from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto pistachio hull waste
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی تصفیه و جداسازی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
The removal of cationic dyes from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto pistachio hull waste
چکیده انگلیسی

The efficacy of pistachio hull powder (PHP) prepared from agricultural waste was investigated in this study as a novel adsorbent for the elimination of dye molecules from contaminated streams. Removal of methylene blue (MB) as a cationic model dye by PHP from aqueous solution was studied under different experimental conditions. The selected parameters were solution pH (2–10), PHP dosage (0.5–3 g/L), MB concentrations (100–400 mg/L), contact time (1–70), and solution temperature (20–50 °C). The experimental results indicated that the maximum MB removal could be attained at a solution pH of 8. The dosage of PHP was also found to be an important variable influencing the MB removal percentage. The removal efficiency of MB improved from 94.6 to 99.7% at 70 min contact time when the MB concentration was decreased from 300 to 100 mg/L at a pH and PHP dosage of 8 and 1.5 g/L, respectively. The kinetic analysis showed that the pseudo-second-order model had the best fit to the experimental data. The Langmuir equation provided the best fit for the experimental data of the equilibrium adsorption of MB onto PHP at different temperatures. In addition, the maximum adsorption capacity increased from 389 to 602 mg/g when the temperature was increased from 20 to 50 °C. The thermodynamic evaluation of MB adsorption on PHP revealed that the adsorption phenomenon under the selected conditions was a spontaneous physical process. Accordingly, pistachio hull waste was shown to be a very efficient and low-cost adsorbent, and a promising alternative for eliminating dyes from industrial wastewaters.

Research highlights
► This manuscript represents the first work to demonstrate that the pistachio hull wastes can efficiently adsorb high amounts of cationic dye (389–602 mg/g) from wastewater.
► Dye adsorption onto powder prepared from pistachio hull wastes is capable of efficiently removing high concentrations of cationic dyes at mild pH conditions.
► Adsorption process on the prepared powder is a rapid process with a higher capacity than reported adsorbents.
► Pistachio hulls produced as an agriculture waste material are a viable and very promising alternative adsorbent for color removal from industrial wastewater.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Chemical Engineering Research and Design - Volume 89, Issue 10, October 2011, Pages 2182–2189
نویسندگان
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