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The effects of an organic additive, polyoxyethylene sorbitan trioleate (Tween 85), on the induction time for the precipitation of calcium carbonate are experimentally and theoretically investigated. Calcium carbonate was precipitated from aqueous solutions of K2CO3 and Ca(NO)3 at moderate supersaturations ranging between 5 and 16 with and without the organic additive. Experimentally it has been noticed that the induction period for CaCO3 precipitation increases at low supersaturation and is also influenced by temperature. An increase of the induction time was noticed when Tween 85 was added in the system. The “cluster coagulation model” proposed by Qian and Botsaris (1997), which combines nucleation models and coagulation theory, was used to explain the effects of operating parameters on the induction time in terms of interfacial energy and cluster sizes.
Journal: Chemical Engineering Research and Design - Volume 88, Issue 11, November 2010, Pages 1450–1454