کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
7019642 1455935 2018 35 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Insights into the rejection of barium and strontium by nanofiltration membrane from experimental and modeling analysis
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
بینش از عدم پذیرش باریم و استرانسیم توسط غشای نانوفیلتراسیون از تجزیه و تحلیل تجربی و مدل سازی
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کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی تصفیه و جداسازی
چکیده انگلیسی
A polyamide nanofiltration membrane (NF90) was systematically investigated for the rejection of barium and strontium ions from single salt solutions at a wide range of pH (2-10), pressure (5-30 bar) and composition (0.36-36.4 mM) to elucidate the underlying rejection mechanisms. Similar zeta potentials measured with both ions were explained by their similar diffusion coefficients. Point of zero charge for NF90 was always in the vicinity of 4. Modulus of volume charge density increased with increasing feed concentration and could be explained by Freundlich adsorption isotherm with competitive adsorption of barium or strontium vs. chloride on the membrane hydrophobic functional groups as the dominant factor as opposed to counter-ion binding to dissociated hydrophilic groups. Rejection of both ions decreased with pH increase and surface charge effects were dominant in determining rejection characteristics. Rejection of both ions increased with an increase in feed concentration, which is explained by the Donnan electrostatic exclusion mechanism. Spiegler-Kedem model fitted very well with the experimental data and the model parameters indicated that both ions are equally rejected at all conditions. NF90 membrane exhibited exceptional performance with 92-99.5% rejection of both ions while achieving permeability close to that with deionized water.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Membrane Science - Volume 564, 15 October 2018, Pages 742-752
نویسندگان
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