|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|710794||892118||2016||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
A Kalman filter is commonly used for state estimation. It is optimal in that the variance of the error is minimized by the estimator. In this paper the problem of optimal sensor location is combined with estimator design to obtain a sensor placement that minimizes the error variance. The question of whether of a larger number of inaccurate sensors, that is those with large noise variance, can provide as good an estimate as a single highly accurate (but probably more expensive) sensor. This question can be investigated with the assumption that all the selected sensors are placed optimally. Estimation of the state of a one-dimensional diffusion equation with three different disturbances is examined in this context. Despite the difference among disturbances, similar proportional relations between the sensor noise variance and the estimation error are observed in numerical simulations. Furthermore, it appears that multiple low quality sensors can lead to better estimation than a single high quality sensor, provided that enough sensors are used.
Journal: IFAC-PapersOnLine - Volume 49, Issue 8, 2016, Pages 60–65