کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
8093915 1522056 2018 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Utilization of medical stone to improve the composition and quality of dissolved organic matter in composted pig manure
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
استفاده از سنگ های پزشکی برای بهبود ترکیب و کیفیت مواد آلی محلول در کود خوک کمپوست
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کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی انرژی انرژی های تجدید پذیر، توسعه پایدار و محیط زیست
چکیده انگلیسی
This research was conducted to evaluate the effect of medical stone (MS) on the dissolved organic matter (DOM) extracted from composted pig manure (PM). Five treatments with different MS amounts (0%, 2.5%, 5%, 7.5% and 10% of PM by dry weight) were mixed with the initial feedstock and composted for 60 days. DOM was extracted from the composted materials and characterized using spectroscopic techniques, including UV-visible, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and fluorescence spectroscopy. The results showed that the addition of MS improved the biodegradation of protein-like materials, ether, alcohols, and polysaccharides. Compared to the control, the ratios of FTIR spectra peaks (1645 cm−1/1407 cm−1, 1645 cm−1/2930 cm−1, and 1645 cm−1/1003 cm−1) in treatments in which MS was added were higher, and the peak ratio (1645 cm−1/1103 cm−1) was increased by 4.54%-10.22%. Adding MS could also increase the SUVA254 and SUVA280 values while decreasing the E250/E365 ratio, which indicates that the addition of MS increases aromaticity and molecular weight of the compost as well as humic-like compounds. Furthermore, the addition of MS improved the efficiency of the composting process and the rate of humification. The Pi,n of region V in the MS amended treatments (53.86%-56.66%) was higher than in the control (52.17%), and 10% MS addition yielded the highest value. Overall, the results show that the addition of 10% MS to PM is beneficial to the composting process.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Cleaner Production - Volume 197, Part 1, 1 October 2018, Pages 472-478
نویسندگان
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