|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|84021||158857||2016||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
• Rice seedlings infected by Fusarium fujikuroi show complex diseased phenotypes.
• The morphological and color traits of 3-week-old seedlings are examined.
• SVM classifiers are developed to screen diseased seedlings.
• Genetic algorithm is implemented for selecting significant attributes.
• The classification accuracy is 87.9% and the positive predictive value is 91.8%.
Bakanae disease, or “foolish seedling”, is a seed-borne disease of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Infected plants can yield empty panicles or perish, resulting in a loss of grain yield. The disease occurs most frequently when contaminated seeds are used. Once the seeds are contaminated, the pathogen Fusarium fujikuroi spreads in the field. Therefore, infected plants must be screened at early developmental stages. This work proposes an approach to nondestructively distinguish infected and healthy seedlings at the age of 3 weeks using machine vision. Seeds of the rice cultivars Tainan 11 and Toyonishiki were inoculated with a conidial suspension of F. fujikuroi. The seedling were cultivated in an incubator for 3 weeks. The images of infected and control seedlings were acquired using flatbed scanners to quantify their morphological and color traits. Support vector machine (SVM) classifiers were developed for distinguishing the infected and healthy seedlings. A genetic algorithm was used for selecting essential traits and optimal model parameters for the SVM classifiers. The proposed approach distinguished infected and healthy seedlings with an accuracy of 87.9% and a positive predictive value of 91.8%.
Journal: Computers and Electronics in Agriculture - Volume 121, February 2016, Pages 404–411