کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
8885790 1626997 2018 38 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Comparative performance of cover systems to prevent acid mine drainage from pre-oxidized tailings: A numerical hydro-geochemical assessment
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
عملکرد مقایسه ای سیستم های پوشش برای جلوگیری از زهکشی اسید معدن از بتونه های پیش اکسید شده: ارزیابی هیدروژئوشیمیایی
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه علوم زمین و سیارات فرآیندهای سطح زمین
چکیده انگلیسی
The generation of acid mine drainage (AMD) remains a major environmental challenge for the mining industry. The reclamation of old mine sites with pre-oxidized tailings is particularly challenging because of indirect oxidation reactions which can limit the overall effectiveness of an oxygen barrier to prevent AMD. The goal of this project was to quantitatively compare the effectiveness of different cover systems to reclaim two pre-oxidized acid-generating tailings sites, located in Quebec (Canada). Following laboratory column tests, field measurements and observations, coupled hydrogeological and geochemical numerical simulations were conducted to evaluate the effect of various system characteristics. Cover performance was assessed by simulating the evolution of the degree of (water) saturation, pore water pressures, oxygen fluxes and leachate quality. Several reclamation options, including monolayer covers and two- or three-layer covers with capillary barrier effect(s) were simulated. The simulations indicate that because of reduced cover effectiveness with pre-oxidized tailings, the general design targets developed for non-oxidized tailings may not always be directly applicable to already oxidized tailings. The simulations also illustrate how the behaviour and efficiency of a monolayer cover placed over reactive tailings depend on specific factors, including water table position, initial porewater chemistry, and cover materials' hydrogeological properties and thicknesses. The results indicate that under a given set of conditions, a bilayer cover (with a capillary break above the reactive tailings) would not significantly improve cover performance (compared to a monolayer cover) due to water losses by evaporation. The simulations show, however, that a well-designed three-layer cover with capillary barrier effects (CCBE) would be efficient in reducing the oxygen flux and AMD generation, even in the case of highly pre-oxidized tailings. The outcomes from this investigation highlight some of the advantages of carrying out coupled hydrogeological and geochemical simulations to assess the long-term behaviour of reclaimed mining sites.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology - Volume 214, July 2018, Pages 39-53
نویسندگان
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