کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
8893730 1629192 2018 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Feasibility of using visible and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy to monitor heavy metal contaminants in urban lake sediment
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
امکان استفاده از طیف سنجی بازتابی و بازتاب نزدیک مادون قرمز برای نظارت بر آلاینده های فلزات سنگین در رسوبات دریاچه
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کلمات کلیدی
فلز سنگین رسوبات دریاچه شهری، طیف سنجی بازتابی قابل مشاهده و نزدیک به مادون قرمز، انتخاب ویژگی طیفی، مکانیزم پیش بینی کننده
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه علوم زمین و سیارات فرآیندهای سطح زمین
چکیده انگلیسی
Contamination of urban lake sediments by heavy metals is a major threat to environmental safety and human health due to its high toxicity and persistence. This paper aims to examine the feasibility of using visible and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (VNIRS) to rapidly quantify heavy metals (i.e., As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb and Zn) in urban lake sediments. Lake sediment samples (n = 103) were collected from the East Lake in Wuhan, China. Partial least squares regression (PLSR) calibration models were developed for the heavy metals estimation. Genetic algorithm (GA) and competitive adaptive reweighted sampling (CARS) were compared to test whether spectral feature selection could improve heavy metals predications or not. Correlation analysis was carried out to gain better understanding of the predictive mechanism for the assessment of the heavy metals in sediments using VNIRS. PLSR calibration models showed that Cd, Hg, Ni and Pb had acceptable model prediction (with r2CV values range from 0.32 to 0.40), while model results for As, Cr, Cu and Zn were unsatisfactory (with r2CV values of 0.01-0.06). These different accuracies were likely caused by the different relationships between heavy metals and spectrally-active constitutes (e.g., total organic carbon, TOC). When compared with full-spectrum PLSR models, GA-PLSR and CARS-PLSR models slightly increased the accuracies by remove uninformative spectral variables. Given these undesired practices, this study demonstrated that VNIRS should not be recommended for heavy metals estimation in urban lake sediment. The inherent correlations between heavy metals and spectrally-active constitutes (e.g., TOC) rather than modeling method (e.g., feature selection algorithms) were critical for the limited heavy metals estimation using VNIRS.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: CATENA - Volume 162, March 2018, Pages 72-79
نویسندگان
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