|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|924040||1473964||2016||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• With high interference, sequence memory did not differ in older adults and PD group.
• With low interference, sequence memory was better in older adults than PD group.
• Both groups improved with low interference compared to high interference.
• Interventions to lower interference may improve memory in older adults, less so in PD.
Memory for the temporal order of items or events in a sequence has been shown to be impaired in older adults and individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD). The present study examined the effects of high and low interference on temporal order memory in individuals diagnosed with PD (n = 20) and demographically similar healthy older adults (n = 20) utilizing a computerized task used in previously published studies. During the sample phase of each trial, a series of eight circles were randomly presented one at a time in eight different spatial locations. Participants were instructed to remember the sequence in which the circles appeared in the locations. During the choice phase, participants were presented with two circles in two different locations and were asked to indicate which circle appeared earliest in the sample phase sequence. The two circles were separated by one of four possible temporal separation lags (0, 2, 4, and 6), defined as the number of circles occurring in the sample phase sequence between the two choice phase circles. Shorter temporal lags (e.g., 0 and 2 lags) were hypothesized to result in higher interference compared to longer temporal lags (e.g., 4 and 6 lags). The results demonstrated that on trials involving high interference, no differences were found between the two groups. However, healthy older adults significantly outperformed individuals with PD (p < 0.05) on trials involving low interference. Although differences were found between the PD and healthy older adult groups, both groups significantly improved on low interference trials compared to high interference trials (p < 0.001). The findings indicate that temporal order memory improves in healthy older adults and individuals with PD when interference is reduced. However, individuals with PD demonstrated poorer temporal order memory even with less interference. Therefore, temporal order memory is differentially affected by interference in healthy older adults and individuals with PD. Given that both groups did improve with lessened interference, behavioral interventions that minimize temporal interference potentially could improve memory function in older adults and to a lesser extent in individuals with PD.
Journal: Brain and Cognition - Volume 107, August 2016, Pages 30–36