|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|93176||160116||2013||13 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• We assess the effects of climate change on landscapes on the local level using GIS.
• The two case studies belong to the most valuable heritage landscapes of Belgium.
• Vulnerability maps indicate that the heritage landscapes are threatened.
• Adaptation maps show where possible adaptation measures can be applied in the field.
• To be effective, adaptation maps should be added to the landscape management plans.
The Landscape Atlas of Flanders describes the traditional relic landscapes in Flanders (Belgium), characterized by important heritage values and more specifically by natural-scientific, historical, sociocultural and aesthetic values. These heritage landscapes constitute a considerable part of the common cultural heritage and are therefore managed by specific landscape management plans. However, these plans do not address climate change vulnerability and adaptation, while this is considered as an important driving force of landscape change. This change may impact on the unaffected traditional character of heritage landscapes and cause these valuable landscapes to deteriorate. In this study, we assess and map the potential overall impact of climate change on two relic landscapes in Flanders and map possible adaptation measures on a detailed level to allow insertion in the landscape management plans. Detailed synthesis vulnerability and adaptation maps are elaborated in a GIS, based on the results of impact- and model studies. The vulnerability maps indicate that both case studies are sensitive to climate change. In particular, forest desiccation, wind throw, crop deterioration, soil erosion and flooding might affect the landscape quality and threaten the natural-scientific, historical and aesthetic heritage values of the landscapes. In order to preserve these heritage values, the adaptation maps present possible adaptation measures, which are sustainable and nondestructive with respect to the landscape quality. Although adaptation will cause change as well, it offers more chances to preserve the heritage values of the landscapes. To be effective, detailed climate change vulnerability and adaptation maps should be included in the binding landscape management plans.
Journal: Land Use Policy - Volume 35, November 2013, Pages 179–191