|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|93961||160242||2016||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• We evaluated green roof plant performance under extreme hot and dry conditions.
• Only succulent plants remained alive after 42 weeks with limited rainfall.
• Survival was related to leaf succulence making this a useful trait for plant selection.
• Irrigation will be needed for non-succulent plants in hot and dry climates.
Plant selection for extensive green roofs has largely been based on cool, temperate climate research. However, as green roof implementation in hotter and drier climates increases, there is a need to evaluate plant performance under these climatic conditions. Succulents have been shown to be successful in hot and dry green roofs, although survival differs between species and the role of leaf succulence in survival has not been fully explored. For non-succulent plants, habitats with conditions similar to green roofs (‘habitat templates’) have been used to select plants, although few studies have discussed the performance of these selections under green roof conditions. Therefore, we evaluated establishment of 32 plant species on an unirrigated extensive (125 mm deep) green roof in Melbourne, Australia over a 42 week period (from winter through summer into autumn). Plants were selected on the basis of life-form, succulence, appropriate habitat templates and/or successful use on green roofs internationally. Climatic conditions during the experiment were often extreme, with evaporation regularly exceeding rainfall and a hot and dry summer (mean maximum air temperature 35 °C and 80.6 mm total rainfall), leading to roof temperatures of 65 °C. After 42 weeks, only succulent plants remained alive and only three of the succulent species had 100% survival. Survival was positively related to the degree of leaf succulence (g H2O leaf area cm−1) making this a useful trait for plant selection for unirrigated green roofs in hot, dry climates. The failure of most species, despite being chosen from appropriate habitats, demonstrates the need to evaluate potential plants on green roofs under extreme climatic conditions. Supplementary irrigation may be essential to sustain non-succulent species during extreme weather in hot and dry climates.
Journal: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening - Volume 15, 2016, Pages 6–14