کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
95174 160417 2016 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Comparison of decomposition rates between autopsied and non-autopsied human remains
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
مقایسه نرخ تجزیه بین کالبد شکافی و غیر کالبد شکافی باقی مانده های انسان
کلمات کلیدی
تجزیه بشر؛ سنگوارهشناسی پزشکی قانونی است. انسان شناسی پزشکی قانونی؛ فاصله مرگ؛ انباشته درجه روز؛ دمای داخلی بدن
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه شیمی شیمی آنالیزی یا شیمی تجزیه
چکیده انگلیسی


• The decomposition rates of autopsied and non-autopsied bodies were compared.
• Autopsied bodies require less ADD but not significantly.
• Nonsignificant differences were found in internal body temperature.
• Seasonal effects are the same for both autopsied and non-autopsied bodies.
• Penetrating trauma affects the pattern of decomposition but not the rate.

Penetrating trauma has been cited as a significant factor in the rate of decomposition. Therefore, penetrating trauma may have an effect on estimations of time-since-death in medicolegal investigations and on research examining decomposition rates and processes when autopsied human bodies are used. The goal of this study was to determine if there are differences in the rate of decomposition between autopsied and non-autopsied human remains in the same environment. The purpose is to shed light on how large incisions, such as those from a thorocoabdominal autopsy, effect time-since-death estimations and research on the rate of decomposition that use both autopsied and non-autopsied human remains.In this study, 59 non-autopsied and 24 autopsied bodies were studied. The number of accumulated degree days required to reach each decomposition stage was then compared between autopsied and non-autopsied remains. Additionally, both types of bodies were examined for seasonal differences in decomposition rates. As temperature affects the rate of decomposition, this study also compared the internal body temperatures of autopsied and non-autopsied remains to see if differences between the two may be leading to differential decomposition. For this portion of this study, eight non-autopsied and five autopsied bodies were investigated. Internal temperature was collected once a day for two weeks.The results showed that differences in the decomposition rate between autopsied and non-autopsied remains was not statistically significant, though the average ADD needed to reach each stage of decomposition was slightly lower for autopsied bodies than non-autopsied bodies. There was also no significant difference between autopsied and non-autopsied bodies in the rate of decomposition by season or in internal temperature. Therefore, this study suggests that it is unnecessary to separate autopsied and non-autopsied remains when studying gross stages of human decomposition in Central Texas and that penetrating trauma may not be a significant factor in the overall rate of decomposition.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Forensic Science International - Volume 261, April 2016, Pages 93–100
نویسندگان
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