|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|95346||160427||2015||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
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• 1,2-IND and DFO are used as reagents to enhance fingerprints on porous surfaces.
• 1,2-IND and DFO react with the amino acids of secretion giving fluorescent products.
• Fluorescence and clarity of enhanced fingerprints depend on amino acids consumed.
• In solutions of 1,2-IND a small amount of Zn is added to catalyze the reaction.
• Among the solutions of IND–Zn, solution 3 has been considered the best to replace DFO.
1,2-indanedione (1,2-IND) and 1,8-diazafluoren-9-one (DFO) are used in the forensic field to enhance latent fingerprints deposited on porous surfaces due to the formation of fluorescent products by reacting with the amino acids present in the papillary exudate. The study was carried out in collaboration with the Fingerprints and Photography Section of the Carabinieri Scientific Investigation Department (RIS) of Rome, in which laboratories, until now, DFO has been the most used because of its excellent enhancing properties, even if it is more expensive and relatively toxic in comparison with the 1,2-IND.The aim of this work was then to evaluate and to compare the effectiveness of three solutions of 1,2-IND in different formulations and a DFO solution employed as single enhancing treatments, in order to assess whether it was possible to replace a reagent with the other obtaining equally satisfying results.In this case, white office paper was selected as deposit surface since it also permitted one to observe those reaction products that appear visible to a naked eye. Beside to a qualitative study of the visual characteristic of the enhanced fingerprints, further quantitative studies were conducted on the intensity of fluorescence of the products and on the consumption of amino acids during the reaction. The analyses, which at first were conducted on standard samples, were then repeated on real samples to validate the results obtained.The DFO confirmed its excellent enhancement properties, but also one of the three solutions of 1,2-IND showed comparable properties in terms of enhanced fingerprint definition and stability over time from the completion of a crime. As a result, we proved that a selected 1,2-IND formulation may replace with satisfactory achievements the DFO solution currently employed, providing also advantages from the point of view of safety and cost savings.
Journal: Forensic Science International - Volume 254, September 2015, Pages 205–214