کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
1048562 1484520 2016 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
The role of neighborhood disadvantage, physical disorder, and collective efficacy in adolescent alcohol use: a multilevel path analysis
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
نقش محله مضر، اختلال جسمی و اثر بخشی جمعی در مصرف الکل در نوجوانان: تجزیه و تحلیل مسیر چند سطحی
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کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پزشکی و دندانپزشکی سیاست های بهداشت و سلامت عمومی
چکیده انگلیسی


• The Social Disorganization Theory may explain neighborhood variation in adolescent drinking.
• Neighborhood disadvantage is associated with reduced collective efficacy.
• Neighborhood connections may protect young adolescents or increase risk in older adolescents.
• Collective efficacy may have a tipping point to take effect in adolescent alcohol use.

Research into the salient exposures which explain neighborhood variation in adolescent alcohol use remains inconclusive. The Social Disorganization Theory suggests that neighborhood-level disadvantage may reduce collective efficacy to control adolescent risky behavior. Collective perceptions of physical disorder are also implicated in this neighborhood pathway. Drawing on data from a nationally-representative survey of urban high school students in New Zealand, multilevel path analysis was used to estimate the direct and mediating effects of neighborhood disadvantage, physical disorder, and collective efficacy on current drinking, frequency of binge drinking, and typical quantity of alcohol consumed. The findings supported an indirect pathway from disadvantage to binge drinking and high typical quantities in young adolescents (<16 years), mediated by physical disorder and reduced collective efficacy. Collective efficacy was not associated with current drinking in young adolescents. An opposing indirect effect was evident among older adolescents (≥16 years), whereby collective efficacy was positively associated with drinking outcomes. Implications for future research are discussed.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Health & Place - Volume 41, September 2016, Pages 24–33
نویسندگان
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