|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1055310||1485241||2016||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Spouted bed elutriation was used to separate the materials present in NiMH batteries.
• The materials were separated and characterized.
• Metallic, polymeric and powdered fractions were obtained.
• Spouted bed is an alternative to recover valuable materials from NiMH batteries.
In recent years, a great increase in the generation of spent batteries occurred. Then, efficient recycling ways and correct disposal of hazardous wastes are necessary. An alternative to recover the valuable materials from spent NiMH batteries is the spouted bed elutriation. The aim of this study was to apply the mechanical processing (grinding and sieving) followed by spouted bed elutriation to separate the valuable materials present in spent NiMH batteries. The results of the manual characterization showed that about 62 wt.% of the batteries are composed by positive and negative electrodes. After the mechanical separation processes (grinding, sieving and spouted bed elutriation), three different fractions were obtained: 24.21 wt.% of metals, 28.20 wt.% of polymers and 42.00 wt.% of powder (the positive and negative electrodes). It was demonstrated that the different materials present in the spent NiMH batteries can be efficiently separated using a simple and inexpensive mechanical processing.
Journal: Journal of Environmental Management - Volume 171, 15 April 2016, Pages 177–183