کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
1064683 1485827 2016 14 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
The competitiveness of alternative transport fuels for CO2 emissions
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
رقابت سوخت های حمل و نقل جایگزین برای انتشار CO2
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کلمات کلیدی
انتشار گاز CO2؛ حمل و نقل سیاست؛ سیاست انرژی؛ سوخت های جایگزین؛ سلول های سوختی هیدروژنی؛ وسیله نقلیه الکتریکی باتری؛ تیرول جنوبی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم انسانی و اجتماعی علوم اجتماعی جغرافیا، برنامه ریزی و توسعه
چکیده انگلیسی


• Features of electricity and hydrogen as alternative transport fuels are described.
• A methodology to quantify and evaluate Tank-to-Wheel CO2 emissions is proposed.
• The method is tested through 3 scenarios based on alternative fuels.
• The reduction of carbon emissions is related to the infrastructural costs.
• The role of transport policies for the diffusion of alternative fuels is stressed.

This paper examines the potential role of hydrogen and electricity in reducing CO2 emissions from transport. First, we describe the main characteristics, costs and supporting policies of the two alternative fuels. Then we quantify and valuate economically the expected CO2 savings, examining the Italian province of South Tyrol a case study. Through the analysis of three alternative scenarios, results reveal a potential reduction of the Tank-To-Wheel emissions up to 59% in comparison to the do-nothing option, which corresponds to an economic saving of about €543M. These results constitute an instance of the effectiveness of alternative fuels for limiting the effects of climate change deriving from mobility. In terms of transport policy, the integrative approach of hydrogen and electricity, often seen in competitive terms, can indeed be fruitful, especially in a first penetration phase, provided that policy-makers have a long-term vision about future mobility. This should include not only issues related to the technological improvement, but also thoughtful and balanced measures for an efficient carbon policy.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Transport Policy - Volume 50, August 2016, Pages 1–14
نویسندگان
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