|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|108195||161882||2015||22 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• The spatial diffusion of wind power is investigated by comparing its development in Denmark and in Portugal.
• Diffusion accelerated when technology reached the follower country, where more rapid unit and industry scaling was observed.
• The formation of a technology innovation system in the follower country was determinant for fast technology diffusion.
• Improvement of absorptive capacity and transnational linkages contributed for the rapid technology transfer.
This paper investigates how energy technologies diffuse spatially through the examination of wind growth in Denmark (core) and Portugal (follower). The research draws on the empirical historical scaling dynamics to compare patterns of diffusion, and proposes an explanation for these patterns with the help of the technological innovation systems (TIS) theoretical framework. The analysis uncovered an acceleration of diffusion when the technology attained the new market. The mechanisms that allowed rapid adoption were found to be, among others, transnational linkages and an improved absorptive capacity. The latter benefited from past investments in knowledge development, imports of state-of-the-art technology and construction of a local industry assembling available competencies. Targeted policies (e.g. tender-based feed-in scheme) were effective to stimulate technology transfer and boost diffusion. The linkages with the global TIS and the concept of absorptive capacity improve the understanding of the processes involved in the formation of a TIS in receiving countries.
Journal: Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions - Volume 15, June 2015, Pages 158–179