کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
1287065 1497979 2014 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Post-mortem analysis of a long-term tested proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack under low cathode humidification conditions
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
تجزیه و تحلیل پس از مرگ یک پروتئین آزمایش شده در معرض طولانی مدت پشته سلول سوختی غشاء تحت شرایط رطوبت کم کاتد
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کلمات کلیدی
سلول سوختی غشای تبادل پروتون، پشته، طول عمر تنزل، شرایط رطوبت کم، تجزیه و تحلیل پس از مرگ
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه شیمی الکتروشیمی
چکیده انگلیسی


• Durability tests for PEMFC stacks are carried out in constant power mode with simulated reformate fuel gases.
• Major degradation mechanisms and patterns in a PEMFC stack are investigated under low cathode humidification.
• Various post-mortem investigations are carried out to disclose the main reasons of failure of the stack.
• Delamination of the catalyst layer of unstable operating MEAs is significant near the cathode gas inlets.
• Degradation is due to the cathode carbon corrosion and membrane failure during the start-up and shut-down process.

During continuous power operation for 2740 h, the major mechanisms and patterns of performance degradation in a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) stack are investigated under low cathode humidification with simulated reformate fuel gases through the use of various physicochemical and electrochemical analysis tools. As operating time increases, the operating voltages and open-circuit voltages (OCVs) of the stack decrease with the large voltage distributions. In the post-mortem analysis of the stack, the delamination of the catalyst layer (CL) of unstable operating membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) is significant near the cathode gas inlets. This observation is in agreement with the results of OCV, hydrogen crossover current, and anode off-gas measurements. This phenomenon may be due to the acceleration of carbon corrosion in the cathode during the frequent start-up and shut-down process, because the local cathode potential can reach more than 1.5 V in the air/fuel boundary. Additionally, the frequent membrane hydration and dehydration by the accumulation of excess water (through electrochemical reaction) and faster water evaporation (under dry-air cathode conditions and high operating temperatures) may accelerate the interface delamination between the membrane and cathode CL with a substantially uneven distribution of water.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Power Sources - Volume 253, 1 May 2014, Pages 90–97
نویسندگان
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