|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|142315||163097||2016||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
The concepts of convergent evolution and community convergence highlight how selective pressures can shape unrelated organisms or communities in similar ways. We propose a related concept, convergent interactions, to describe the independent evolution of multispecies interactions with similar physiological or ecological functions. A focus on convergent interactions clarifies how natural selection repeatedly favors particular kinds of associations among species. Characterizing convergent interactions in a comparative context is likely to facilitate prediction of the ecological roles of organisms (including microbes) in multispecies interactions and selective pressures acting in poorly understood or newly discovered multispecies systems. We illustrate the concept of convergent interactions with examples: vertebrates and their gut bacteria; ectomycorrhizae; insect–fungal–bacterial interactions; pitcher-plant food webs; and ants and ant–plants.
TrendsWe present a framework for exploring how selection shapes multispecies associations.We provide examples of functional convergence in species interactions.Convergent interactions can be used to predict the ecology of unknown symbioses.Convergent interactions can help elucidate the ecological roles of microbes.
Journal: - Volume 31, Issue 4, April 2016, Pages 269–280