|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|142371||163108||2015||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• The rate of plant speciation is high and has accelerated during the Anthropocene.
• Humans are causing the increase, principally by increasing the rate of hybridisation.
• The current speciation rate may be higher than after previous mass extinctions.
• The Anthropocene plant speciation rate could be comparable to the extinction rate.
Speciation rates need to be considered when estimating human impacts on the numbers of species on Earth, given that past mass extinctions have been followed by the accelerated origination of new taxa. Here, I suggest that the Anthropocene is already exhibiting a greatly accelerated plant speciation rate due to agriculture, horticulture, and the human-mediated transport of species, followed by hybridisation. For example, more new plant species have come into existence in Europe over the past three centuries than have been documented as becoming extinct over the same period, even though most new hybrid-origin species are likely to remain undetected. Current speciation rates are unusually high and they could be higher than during or after previous mass extinctions.
Journal: - Volume 30, Issue 8, August 2015, Pages 448–455