کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
147686 456398 2014 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Effect of size and oxidation state of size-controlled rhodium nanoparticles on the aqueous-phase hydrodechlorination of 4-chlorophenol
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
تأثیر اندازه و وضعیت اکسیداسیون نانوذرات ردیوم اندازه گیری شده بر روی هیدرو دی کلرینسیون فاز آبی 4-کلروفنل
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی مهندسی شیمی (عمومی)
چکیده انگلیسی


• PVP and methanol load had influence in size and oxidation state of Rh NPs.
• Size and oxidation state of the Rh NPs showed a significant influence on activity.
• The lower Rhn+/Rh0 ratios led to the higher activity values.
• The crossed effect of size and Rhn+/Rh0 ratio showed influence on selectivity.

Unsupported size-controlled Rh nanoparticles of different size and oxidation state were tested as catalysts models in aqueous phase hydrodechlorination (303–318 K, 1 atm) using 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) as target compound. A chemical reduction method was employed for the synthesis of the nanoparticles using methanol and poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) (PVP) as reducing and capping agent, respectively. The size of Rh nanoparticles was in a narrow range (1.9–4.9 nm) whereas Rhn+/Rh0 ratio values were found within a wide range (0.56–3.89).High 4-CP conversion values (c.a. 100%) were achieved at low Rh concentration (2.45 · 10−3 g L−1). Phenol, cyclohexanone, cyclohexanol and traces of cyclohexane were identified as reaction products. A wide range of activity values (1.7–29.4 mmol g−1 min−1) were obtained, being equivalent to the measured in a previous work with unsupported Pd nanoparticles, in spite of the fact that Rh supported catalysts have generally been reported as less active than Pd ones in liquid phase hydrodechlorination. As the size of Rh nanoparticles decreased the activity increased reaching a maximum at 2.8 nm, lower size values leading to a significant decrease of activity. A remarkable dependence of activity on the Rhn+/Rh0 ratio was found, thus a higher activity corresponded to a higher relative amount of zero-valent Rh in the nanoparticles samples. Regression models were developed in order to address the significance of nanoparticles size and oxidation state for the prediction of selectivity to cyclohexanone and cyclohexanol at varying reaction times. A crossed effect of particle size and Rhn+/Rh0 ratio was identified as a significant factor influencing the selectivity.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Chemical Engineering Journal - Volume 240, 15 March 2014, Pages 271–280
نویسندگان
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