کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
1731787 1016097 2015 15 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Operation of an organic Rankine cycle dependent on pumping flow rates and expander torques
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
عملیات چرخه رابینین آلی وابسته به سرعت جریان پمپاژ و گشتاورهای گسترش دهنده
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی انرژی انرژی (عمومی)
چکیده انگلیسی


• The match between pump and expander is investigated.
• A liquid subcooling of 20 °C is needed at pump inlet.
• A vapor superheating of 13 °C is necessary at expander inlet.
• Cavitation in pumps and expanders are analyzed.
• The equilibrium thermodynamics overestimate ORC performances.

An ORC (organic Rankine cycle) was developed with R123 as the working fluid. The heat capacity is in ∼100 kW. The match between pump and expander is investigated. Lower pump frequencies (f < 10 Hz) adapt the whole range of expander torques, yielding stable flow. Higher pump frequencies (f > 10 Hz) adapt low expander torques only, and cause unstable flow and pump cavitation for larger expander torques. Ultra-low expander torques generate sufficiently high vapor superheatings to decrease expander efficiencies. Ultra-high expander torques achieve saturation vapor at the expander inlet, causing liquid droplets induced shock wave to worsen expander performance. An optimal range of expander torques exists to have better expander performance. A liquid subcooling of 20 °C is necessary to avoid pump cavitation. Expander powers and efficiencies show parabola shapes versus expander torques, or vapor superheatings at the expander inlet. The optimal vapor superheating is 13 °C. The cavitation mechanisms and measures to avoid cavitation are analyzed. This paper notes the overestimation of ORC performance by equilibrium thermodynamic analysis. Assumptions should be dependent on experiments. Future studies are suggested on organic fluid flow, heat transfer and energy conversion in various components.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Energy - Volume 90, Part 1, October 2015, Pages 864–878
نویسندگان
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