|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1733671||1016144||2012||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
Alcohol blends with hydrocarbon fuels for spark-ignition engine increase fuel octane rating and power for a given engine displacement and compression ratio. In this work, the influence of butanol addition to gasoline was investigated. The experiments were performed in a ported fuel injection single cylinder SI engine with an external boosting device. The optically accessible engine was equipped with the head of a commercial SI turbocharged engine with the same geometrical specifications. The effect on the spark ignition combustion process of 40% of n-butanol blended in volume with 60% pure gasoline (BU40) was investigated by cycle resolved visualization. The engine worked at low speed, medium boosting and WOT. Changes in the spark timing and fuel injection phasing were considered. Comparisons between flame luminosity and combustion pressure data were performed. The fuel was injected at closed (CV) and open intake valves (OV). Butanol blend allowed working in more advanced spark timing without occurrence of abnormal combustion. For the blend BU40, the duration of injection (DOI) was increased to obtain a stoichiometric mixture. BU40 granted performance levels similar to gasoline and in open valve injection allowed to minimize the abnormal combustion effects including the emission of ultrafine carbonaceous particles, NOx and HC.
► The fuel injection phasing influenced fuel film formation on the cylinder surface.
► BU40 reduces the fuel deposits amount in the combustion chamber.
► BU40 in Open Valves injection reduces carbonaceous particles at the exhaust.
► BU40 allows the optimization of fuel consumption at fixed performance.
Journal: Energy - Volume 45, Issue 1, September 2012, Pages 277–287