|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1922869||1535842||2016||17 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Redox status in vivo can be assessed by magnetic resonance techniques, EPR and MRI.
• Pharmacokinetics of reduction of injected nitroxides reflects alteration of redox status.
• Analysis of pharmacokinetic curves can reveal mechanisms of oxidative stress.
• EPR/MRI fusion machines and Overhauser MRI are powerful new technical developments.
Free radicals, particularly reactive oxygen species (ROS), are involved in various pathologies, injuries related to radiation, ischemia-reperfusion or ageing. Unfortunately, it is virtually impossible to directly detect free radicals in vivo, but the redox status of the whole organism or particular organ can be studied in vivo by using magnetic resonance techniques (EPR and MRI) and paramagnetic stable free radicals – nitroxides. Here we review results obtained in vivo following the pharmacokinetics of nitroxides on experimental animals (and a few in humans) under various conditions. The focus was on conditions where the redox status has been altered by induced diseases or harmful agents, clearly demonstrating that various EPR/MRI/nitroxide combinations can reliably detect metabolically induced changes in the redox status of organs. These findings can improve our understanding of oxidative stress and provide a basis for studying the effectiveness of interventions aimed to modulate oxidative stress. Also, we anticipate that the in vivo EPR/MRI approach in studying the redox status can play a vital role in the clinical management of various pathologies in the years to come providing the development of adequate equipment and probes.
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Journal: Redox Biology - Volume 8, August 2016, Pages 226–242