کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی نسخه تمام متن
205782 461124 2015 6 صفحه PDF دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Characterization of spent and regenerated catalysts recovered from a residue hydrotreating bench-scale reactor
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
شناسایی کاتالیزورهای بازیافت شده و بازیافت شده از یک راکتور مقیاس هیدرولیکی باقی مانده رجیستر شده است
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی مهندسی شیمی (عمومی)
چکیده انگلیسی


• Deactivation analyzed by characterization of catalysts from a residue hydrotreatment reactor.
• Deposited coke and metals classified according to removability by regeneration with air.
• Constant aromaticity of deposited coke throughout the catalytic bed.
• Equal hydrocracking activities of regenerated catalysts.
• Extra hydrocracking activity of regenerated catalysts as result of creation of Brønsted acid sites during regeneration.

The deactivation of a catalyst located at the first bed of a bench-scale hydrotreating reactor operated at co-current downflow mode was studied. The deactivation, caused by metal and coke depositions, is analyzed by the characterization of catalyst recovered along the reactor bed. Metals trapped in catalysts remain as metal sulfides in the spent catalysts and their amount decreases from top to bottom of the bed length whereas coke increases toward bed outlet. Deposited foulants are classified according to removability by regeneration at 550 °C. Below this temperature the removable coke by oxidation is labeled as soft coke and hard coke corresponds to carbonaceous compounds that can only be oxidized above this temperature. By 13C CP-MAS NMR it was found that the aromaticity of the deposited coke is constant throughout the catalytic bed. By regeneration of spent catalysts near half of the hydrodesulfurization activity is recovered. However, the hydrocracking activity is the same or higher compared with the fresh catalyst. The extra hydrocracking activity is the result of the creation of Brønsted acid sites after regeneration.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Fuel - Volume 149, 1 June 2015, Pages 143–148
نویسندگان
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