|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|2636720||1563468||2015||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Level of contamination is affected by features of environmental surfaces.
• Adenosine triphosphate level is more durable than microbial count on environmental surfaces.
• Adenosine triphosphate test provides relatively stable results over time.
BackgroundThere is no established method to assess the contamination of environmental surfaces because the results change with time. We evaluated current methods for assessment of contamination of environmental surfaces in the operating room (OR).MethodsContamination of environmental surfaces in the OR was assessed using an adenosine triphosphate (ATP) test and bacterial culture. We collected 480 ATP test samples from 17 surfaces in 6 ORs to determine the influence of surface features, including frequency of touching and surface orientation on contamination, after completion of daily scheduled operations. Another 54 pairs of ATP and microbial samples were taken from 3 surfaces in each of the same OR except 1 to determine the time course of the results of ATP and microbial tests when ORs were not used.ResultsMultivariate analysis demonstrated that the ATP results were strongly influenced by frequency of touching and orientation of environmental surfaces. The microbial counts declined over time, whereas the ATP results remained at a high level.ConclusionThe ATP test result could be used as a relatively stable trace of contamination of environmental surfaces; however, it is not a surrogate indicator of the number of viable microbes which declines over time.
Journal: American Journal of Infection Control - Volume 43, Issue 9, 1 September 2015, Pages 951–955