|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|2659600||1140284||2015||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
BackgroundThe need for peripheral intravenous (IV) access in anatomically challenging patients is becoming a more commonly encountered clinical problem. The significant investment devoted to physician training for ultrasound-guided vascular access has not yet been matched by a similar commitment to nursing. Nurses, paramedics, and physicians are becoming more enthusiastic about peripheral IV access with ultrasound (PIVUS); however, institutional and clinician support has not yet been forthcoming. The learning curve for PIVUS has never been rigorously studied, and may be flatter than previously assumed.MethodsRegistered nurses were selected to participate as trainees. Training involved 1:1 sessions consisting of formal orientation to portable ultrasound, mentoring, and practice sessions with a nurse practitioner who has expertise in ultrasound-guided peripheral vascular access; hands-on, supervised practice cannulating vessels on a nonhuman tissue simulator; and supervised attempts on live patients.ResultsSeven of 8 trainees completed the training. The average number of patient encounters required to achieve 10 successful IV placements was 25 (range = 18-32). The average time required for successful vessel cannulation was 19.57 minutes (range = 5-62 minutes). An average of 25 attempts was required to achieve proficiency, and average of 50 cases was required to maintain consistency.ConclusionsIn today's practice environment, PIVUS skills are increasingly important. The results of our study demonstrate that, with appropriate hands-on training and supervision, these skills can be effectively taught to registered nurses.
Journal: Journal of the Association for Vascular Access - Volume 20, Issue 1, March 2015, Pages 32–36