|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|2664112||1140623||2016||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
• Hypovitaminosis D appears to be more common among healthy infants in Jordan than previously recognized.
• Associations were found between hypovitaminosis D and the following infant risk factors: age less than 6 months, male gender, third or later child, birth during winter months, and exclusively breast-fed.
• Our results highlight the need for prevention of hypovitaminosis D through both adequate exposure to sunshine (10–15 minutes in a lighter-skinned people, and 10 times more in darker-skinned people) and adequate supplementation.
PurposeTo determine vitamin D deficiency and associated risk factors of hypovitaminosis D among Jordanian healthy infants.Design and MethodsA total of 171 infants receiving a routine health check at a Maternal and Child Health Care Center were recruited. Plasma vitamin D 25-OHD level was assessed using a standard analysis of a blood sample. Other data collected included age, gender, birth order, season of birth, and mode of feeding.ResultsPrevalence of vitamin D deficiency (≤ 15 ng/mL) was 77% (132 out of 171 infants). Infants at risk of vitamin D deficiency were those between 1 to 6 months of age, male, third born or later, born in winter, and exclusively breastfed. The multivariate model showed birth order to be the largest contributor of vitamin D deficiency (R2 = 0.196), followed by breastfed infants (R2 = 0.071), infants born in winter (R2 = 0.037), male gender (R2 = 0.028), and infants aged between 1 and 6 months (R2 = 0.027).ConclusionHypovitaminosis D appears to be more common among healthy infants in Jordan. Hypovitaminosis D was found to be common among third or later exclusively breastfeed male infants aged 1 to 6 months who were born during winter.Practice ImplicationMaternal and child health nurses have a critical role to play in educating mothers about the importance of preventing hypovitaminosis D through adequate sun exposure and ensuring adequate supplementation. A higher dose of vitamin D supplementation for high-risk infants beyond the age of 1 year from developing countries should be administered.
Journal: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - Volume 31, Issue 2, March–April 2016, Pages e119–e125