|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|286428||509473||2013||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Train running time parameters calibrated against real track occupation data.
• A simulation-based optimization is used to derive dynamic speed profiles.
• Some parameters of tractive effort and resistance do not affect train behaviours.
• Calibrated resistance parameters differ from default values.
• Big differences between default and calibrated braking rate is observed.
Predictions of railway traffic are needed for the design of robust timetables and real-time traffic management. These tasks can be effectively performed only by using train running time models that reliably describe actual speed profiles. To this purpose calibration of model parameters against field data is a necessity. In this paper a simulation-based optimization approach is proposed to calibrate the parameters of the train dynamics equations from field data collected. Furthermore, a procedure for the estimation of train lengths has been developed. This method has been applied to trains with different rolling stock running on the Rotterdam–Delft corridor in the Netherlands. Probability distributions for each parameter are derived which can be used for simulation studies. The results show that the train length estimation model obtained good computation accuracy and the calibration method was effective in estimating the real train path trajectories. It has been observed that some of the parameters of tractive effort and resistance do not affect the train behaviour significantly. Also, the braking rate is significantly smoother than the default value used by the railway undertaking while calibrated resistance parameters tend to have lower mean than defaults. Finally, the computational efficiency of the approach is suitable for real-time applications.
Journal: Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management - Volume 3, Issue 4, November 2013, Pages 126–136