کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی نسخه تمام متن
3446079 1595437 2014 12 صفحه PDF دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Assessing 15 Proposals for Promoting Innovation and Access to Medicines Globally
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
ارزیابی 15 پیشنهاد برای ارتقاء نوآوری و دسترسی به داروها در سطح جهانی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پزشکی و دندانپزشکی پزشکی و دندانپزشکی (عمومی)
چکیده انگلیسی

BackgroundThere is widespread recognition that the existing global systems for innovation and access to medicines need reform. Billions of people do not have access to the medicines they need, and market failures prevent new drugs from being developed for diseases that primarily affect the global poor. The World Health Organization's Consultative Expert Working Group on Research and Development: Financing and Coordination (CEWG) analyzed numerous proposals for reform. The aim of this article is to build on these previous inquiries.MethodsWe conducted a structured analysis that grouped proposals into five broad opportunities for global policy reform to help researchers and decision makers to meaningfully evaluate each proposal in comparison with similar proposals. Proposals were also analyzed along three important dimensions—potential health impact, financial implications, and political feasibility—further facilitating the comparison and application of this information.FindingsUpon analysis, no one solution was deemed a panacea, as many (often competing) considerations need to be taken into account. However, some proposals, particularly product development partnership and prizes, appeared more promising and feasible at this time and deserve further attention.ConclusionMore research is needed into the effectiveness of these mechanisms and their transferability across jurisdictions.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Annals of Global Health - Volume 80, Issue 6, November–December 2014, Pages 432–443
نویسندگان
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