|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|359588||620257||2016||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• We attempted to train executive functions (EFs) during infancy.
• Training was run in early intervention centres in the community.
• Transfer of training improvements was found in a number of tasks.
• Children from low-SES backgrounds showed lower EFs early in childhood.
• Further investigations are warranted.
Even in infancy children from low-SES backgrounds differ in frontal cortex functioning and, by the start of pre-school, they frequently show poor performance on executive functions including attention control. These differences may causally mediate later difficulties in academic learning. Here, we present a study to assess the feasibility of using computerized paradigms to train attention control in infants, delivered weekly over five sessions in early intervention centres for low-SES families. Thirty-three 12-month-old infants were recruited, of whom 23 completed the training. Our results showed the feasibility of repeat-visit cognitive training within community settings. Training-related improvements were found, relative to active controls, on tasks assessing visual sustained attention, saccadic reaction time, and rule learning, whereas trend improvements were found on assessments of short-term memory. No significant improvements were found in task switching. These results warrant further investigation into the potential of this method for targeting ‘at-risk’ infants in community settings.
Journal: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology - Volume 43, March–April 2016, Pages 8–17