|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|369958||621830||2016||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
این مقاله ISI می تواند منبع ارزشمندی برای تولید محتوا باشد.
- تولید محتوا برای سایت و وبلاگ
- تولید محتوا برای کتاب
- تولید محتوا برای نشریات و روزنامه ها
پایگاه «دانشیاری» آمادگی دارد با همکاری مجموعه «شهر محتوا» با استفاده از این مقاله علمی، برای شما به زبان فارسی، تولید محتوا نماید.
• At age 4, less children with FDD and ASD symptoms are toilet trained for stools than children with FDD only.
• At age 4, less children with FDD and ASD symptoms are toilet trained for urine than children with FDD only.
• Clinicians should be aware of ASD in children with FDD presenting with toilet training problems.
The purpose of this study was to determine the association between the presence of symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and the time of completion of toilet training in pediatric patients with a Functional Defecation Disorder (FDD). Consecutive children (4–12 yrs) presenting with FDD according to the ROME III criteria were screened for symptoms of ASD by two validated questionnaires; the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) and the Social Communication Questionnaire-Lifetime (SCQ-L). Children were defined as having symptoms of ASD when they scored at or above the cut-off value on one or two questionnaires (SRS ≥ 51; SCQ ≥ 15). This study included 96 age-matched controls from the general population and 242 pediatric patients with FDD of which 70 had symptoms of ASD. Significantly less children with FDD and ASD symptoms were toilet trained for stools and urine during daytime before the age of 4 yrs (41% and 58% respectively) than children with FDD only (56% and 72%), whereas almost all controls had completed toilet training daytime before this age (95% and 98%). Children with FDD and ASD symptoms completed toilet training both for stools and urine during daytime at a significantly later age than children with FDD only and controls.
Journal: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Volume 26, June 2016, Pages 91–98