|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|371036||621894||2016||14 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
این مقاله ISI می تواند منبع ارزشمندی برای تولید محتوا باشد.
- تولید محتوا برای سایت و وبلاگ
- تولید محتوا برای کتاب
- تولید محتوا برای نشریات و روزنامه ها
پایگاه «دانشیاری» آمادگی دارد با همکاری مجموعه «شهر محتوا» با استفاده از این مقاله علمی، برای شما به زبان فارسی، تولید محتوا نماید.
• Strength training in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) may lead to skeletal muscle hypertrophy.
• Few studies have measured morphological and architectural outcomes following strength training in individuals with CP.
• Future strength training studies should incorporate neuromuscular, functional, and mechanical outcome measures.
AimThe aim of this study was to systematically review the current literature to determine the impact of strength training on skeletal muscle morphology and architecture in individuals aged 4–20 years with spastic type cerebral palsy.MethodsA comprehensive search for randomised and non-randomised controlled trials, cohort studies and cross-comparison trials was performed on five electronic databases. Included studies were graded according to level of evidence and assessed for methodological quality using the Downs and Black scale. Quantitative data was analysed using effect sizes.ResultsSix of 304 articles met the inclusion criteria. Methodological quality of the included papers ranged from 14 to 19 (out of 32). A large effect was found on muscle cross-sectional area following strength training, with small to moderate effects on muscle volume and thickness.Conclusion and implicationsThere is preliminary evidence that strength training leads to hypertrophy in children and adolescents with CP. A paucity of studies exist measuring morphological and architectural parameters following strength training in these individuals. Overall low study methodological quality along with heterogeneous study design, dissimilar outcome measures, and lack of adequate control groups, indicated that care is needed when interpreting the results of these studies in isolation.
Journal: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Volume 56, September 2016, Pages 183–196