|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4367511||1616649||2012||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
The growth of Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 and of its ΔccpA ery mutant, WCFS1-2, was compared in batch fermentations in a complex medium at controlled pH (6.5) and temperature (30 °C) with or without aeration, in order to evaluate the effect of ccpA inactivation and aeration on growth, metabolism and stress resistance. Inactivation of ccpA and, to a lesser extent, aeration, significantly affected growth, expression of proteins related to pyruvate metabolism and stress, and tolerance to heat, oxidative and cold/starvation stresses. The specific growth rate of the mutant was ca. 60% of that of the wild type strain. Inactivation of ccpA and aerobic growth significantly affected yield and production of lactic and acetic acid. Stationary phase cells were more stress tolerant than exponential phase cells with little or no effect of inactivation of ccpA or aeration. On the other hand, for exponential phase cells inactivation of ccpA impaired both heat stress and cold/starvation stress, but increased oxidative stress tolerance. For both strains, aerobically grown cells were more tolerant of stresses. Evidence for entry in a viable but non-culturable status upon prolonged exposure to cold and starvation was found. Preliminary results of a differential proteomic study further confirmed the role of ccpA in the regulation of carbohydrate catabolism and class I stress response genes and allow to gain further insight on the role of this pleiotropic regulator in metabolism and stress.This is the first study in which the impact of aerobic growth on stress tolerance of L. plantarum is evaluated. Although aerobic cultivation in batch fermentations does not improve growth it does improve stress tolerance, and may have significant technological relevance for the preservation of starter and probiotic cultures.
► Inactivation of ccpA dramatically affects growth and stress response in L. plantarum.
► Growth in aerobiosis does not improve growth rate or yield but improves stress tolerance.
► The expression of proteins involved in stress is affected by both mutation and aerobiosis.
► Exponential phase cells of L. plantarum enter in a viable but non-culturable state upon cold storage.
Journal: International Journal of Food Microbiology - Volume 155, Issues 1–2, 2 April 2012, Pages 51–59